The history of a mosquito

October 2019

The arrival of the first African mosquito Anopheles gambiae in the Americas was recorded in March of 1930.

According to the article Anopheles gambiae in Brazil, published in the current issue of HCSM (July/Sept. 2019), the mosquito was found by Rockefeller Foundation  entomologist Raymond C. Shannon, who worked for the Cooperative Yellow Fever Service (SCFA) in Natal, capital of the state of Rio Grande do Norte.

Anopheles gambiae. Source: Latinstock

The article Anopheles gambiae in Brazil: the background to a “silent spread,” 1930-1932, by Gabriel Lopes Post-doctoral research intern at PPGHCS, Casa de Oswaldo Cruz, Fiocruz analyzes the arrival and identification of this African mosquito and the initial reactions of scientists and public health authorities against the epidemics of malaria caused by this species.

Lopes argues that the mosquito’s presence was neglected after some initial emergency actions, resulting in a major malaria epidemic in 1938.

About mosquitoes in HCSM:

La historiografía de la fiebre amarilla en América Latina Se identifica dos tendencias en las narrativas dominantes: la fiebre como agente de cambios históricos o vinculada a relaciones de poder.

The yellow fever in the US imaginary, 1821-1848 While commercial links between Mexico and the United States through the port city of Veracruz brought significant advantages, public health concerns around yellow fever produced fascination and fear among US audiences.

Do I Still Need to Worry About Zika? This article published in suggests that the window of sexual transmission for Zika may be shorter than previously thought.

MalariaX: Defeating Malaria from the Genes to the Globe – Free online course on malaria free offered by Harvard University

Not a polar island: yellow fever in late nineteenth century Cuba It analyses the struggle for medical and sanitary hegemony, which revolved essentially around that disease.

Zika and Aedes aegypti: new and old challenges The current issue of HCSM (vol.24 no.4 Oct./Dec. 2017) features a debate about the zika epidemic, which came to the fore when the disease raised a series of concerns related to birth defects.

La erradicación de enfermedades en América Latina, siglo XX Este artículo analiza las principales campañas promovidas por agencias internacionales dirigidas a erradicar enfermedad infecciosas en el ámbito rural latinoamericano de los años 1940 y 1950.

Imperfect Pregnancies Ilana Löwy was guest editor of the dossier “The medicalization of Brazilian bodies”, published in HCS-Manguinhos in 2016.

Some thoughts on yellow fever Michael Osborne, professor of History of Science at Oregon State University, talks about his current work on yellow fever and his priorities as the new president of DHST.

Salud pública y organismos internacionales en la trayectoria acádemico-profesional del doctor David Sevlever El trabajo indaga el rol cumplido por los organismos internacionales en el recorrido profesional del sanitarista argentino David Sevlever.

Leprosy and segregation in colonial Mozambique The paper indicates the different views on leprosy between locals, doctors and missionaries.

Images from the history of medicine The U.S National Library of Medicine offers more than 60 thousand images from the history of medicine since 1200.

Zika in the International Relations perspective According to João Nunes, the discipline of International Relations can contribute to the study of Zika by enabling a more detailed exploration of inequalities at the global level.

La fiebre amarilla: la enfermedad y la vacuna El libro de Jaime Benchimol, editor adjunto de HCS-Manguinhos ahora está disponible para descargar de forma gratuita.

Some facts about vector-borne diseases A brief interview with Jocelyn Raude about the ZIKAlliance project and the role of social science research for the understanding of epidemics.

Human sciences against zika Researchers of the international consortium ZIKAlliance gathered at Fiocruz to discuss the social aspects of the disease, such as the effects of campaigns and sexual rights.

Cancer, women and public health Researcher Ilana Löwy follows the early history of the pap test, its consequences and controversies.

The politics of segregation This paper examines the First International Leprosy Conference held in Berlin in 1897.

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