Cancer in Ceará: from philanthropy to public health agenda

June, 2018

The Cancer institute of Ceará was created in 1944.

The paper Cancer in Ceará: shaping a medical and social problem, 1940-1954, published in our current issue (vol.25 no.1 Jan./Mar. 2018), addresses the shaping of cancer as a relevant medical and social problem in the Brazilian state of Ceará from 1940 to 1954.

While this disease initially garnered little importance and was considered a problem for philanthropy, a group of physicians and allies brought cancer to the public health agenda and led to the Campaign Against Cancer in 1954.

Luiz Alves Araújo Neto (visiting specialist, Instituto Nacional do Câncer, Rio de Janeiro) and Luiz Antonio Teixeira (researcher at Fiocruz) demonstrate the process of transforming cancer’s status using medical articles, institutional documents, biographies, newspapers, and other documents.

See full article:

Araújo Neto, Luiz Alves and Teixeira, Luiz Antonio. Cancer in Ceará: shaping a medical and social problem, 1940-1954Hist. cienc. saude-Manguinhos, Mar 2018, vol.25, no.1, p.181-198.  ISSN 0104-5970

Related articles in Manguinhos:

Cancer, women and public health – Researcher Ilana Löwy follows the early history of the pap test, its consequences and controversies.

Cervical cancer in Brazil – Despite the dissemination of preventive measures, cervical cancer remains a serious problem in Brazil.

Cancer and public health in the first half of the twentieth century – Article by Luiz Antonio Teixeira

Cancer genetics in Cuba and Brazil – This ethnographic study traces the perceptions of doctors and patients undergoing genetic tests.

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