Chagas disease: science, health and society

2019

The year of 2019 marks 110 years of one of the great achievements in Brazilian science: the discovery, by Carlos Chagas, a young researcher at the Oswaldo Cruz Institute, of the disease that bears his name. The year of 2019 marks 110 years of one of the great achievements in Brazilian science: the discovery, by Carlos Chagas, a young researcher at the Oswaldo Cruz Institute, of the disease that bears his name.

According to data from the World Health Organization, American trypanosomiasis currently afflicts around 7 million people worldwide, mostly in Latin America, and is one of the so-called neglected tropical diseases, intimately bound up with this continent’s poverty.

This special issue was published in 2009, to mark the centennial of the discovery. It features four articles – three in Portuguese and English, and one in Spanish –  that address the discovery of Chagas disease and the ensuing research in Brazil and abroad.

Read more:

Chagas disease and tropical medicine in Brazil, 1908-1909 -The disease was discovered in 1909 by the Brazilian sanitary physician Carlos Chagas at the Oswaldo Cruz Institute.

Carlos Chagas in the Amazon, 1913 – It reviews the 21 days expedition up the Yaco River, in Alto Purus, federal territory of Acre.

Brazilian researchers have successfully tested a vaccine for Chagas disease – Lab mice were observed after being infected with Chagas. While all animals that were not vaccinated died, 80% of those immunized survived.

Expert in Chagas disease dies at 93 – Gastroenterologist Dr. Joffre Marcondes de Rezende contributed to medicine relating the Megaesophagus condition to Chagas disease.

Two views on malaria – This research compares two views of malaria in the Amazon that coexisted side by side during the First Brazilian Republic (1889-1930). April 25, World Malaria Day.

A brief history of measles – Measles was declared eradicated in the U.S. in 2000, but has staged a comeback as the inoculation rate has dropped.

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